Elements of the Cause of Action for Abandonment
Each of the following five elements must be present for a patient to have a proper civil cause of action for the tort of abandonment:
1. Health care treatment was unreasonably discontinued.
2. The termination of health care was contrary to the patient’s will or without the patient’s knowledge.
3. The health care provider failed to arrange for care
4. The health care provider should have reasonably foreseen that harm to the patient would arise from the termination of the care (proximate cause).
5. The patient actually suffered harm or loss as a result of the discontinuance of care.
Physicians, nurses, and other health care professionals have an ethical, as well as a legal, duty to avoid abandonment of patients. The health care professional has a duty to give his or her patient all necessary attention as long as the case required it and should not leave the patient in a critical stage without giving reasonable notice or making suitable arrangements for the attendance of another. 
Royal Pkr 99_the_Physician">Abandonment
When a physician undertakes treatment of a patient, treatment must continue until the patient’s circumstances no longer warrant the treatment, the physician and the patient mutually consent to end the treatment
In the home health setting, the physician-patient relationship does not terminate merely because a patient’s care shifts in its location from the hospital to the home. If the patient continues to need medical services, supervised health care, therapy, or other home health services, the attending physician should ensure that he or she was properly discharged his or her-duties to the patient. Virtually every situation ‘in which home care is approvedcbdtacklecom will continue unless it has been formally terminated